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2017年河北高考英语阅读理解专练(十)

2017-03-31 13:03:26 点击:0 评论:0

【阅读理解】

Below is a selection about some Guinness(吉尼斯) World Records.

Top 6 Unusual Guinness World Records

◆Fastest 100 m running on all fours

The 2008 Guinness World Records Day was, according to GWR,their biggest day of recordbreaking ever, with more than 290,000 people taking part in record attempts in 15 different countries. Kenichi Ito's record attempt was part of this special day. He is just another example of Japanese with “super powers”. His “super power” is to run with great speed on all fours. Kenichi Ito ran 100 m on all fours in 18.58 seconds. The Japanese set this record at Setagaya Kuritsu Sogo Undojyo, Tokyo, in 2008.

◆Most people inside a soap bubble◆Longest ears on a dog◆Most living generations

Did you ever wonder what is the Guinness World Record for most living generations in one family? Seven is the answer.

The ultimate authority on recordbreaking mentions on the website that the youngest greatgreatgreatgreat grandparent of this family was Augusta Bung “aged 109 years 97 days, followed by her daughter aged 89, her granddaughter aged 70, her great granddaughter aged 52, her greatgreat granddaughter aged 33 and her greatgreatgreat granddaughter aged 15 on the birth of her greatgreatgreatgreat grandson on January 21, 1989”.

◆Most Tshirts worn at once◆Heaviest pumpkin

1.Why is Kenichi Ito described as a man with a “super power”?

A.He set a good example to all Japanese.

B.He made record attempts in 15 different countries.

C.He set a new record for “Fastest 100 m running on all fours”.

D.He participated in the 2008 Guinness World Records Day activities.

2.Jeffries is the name of ________.

A.the owner of the dog with the longest ears

B.the grandfather of the dog with the longest ears

C.the present holder of the record for “Longest ears on a dog”

D.the former holder of the record for “Longest ears on a dog”

3.How many Tshirts had Krunoslav Budiseli put on before he felt it difficult to go on?A.68. B.120. C.238. D.245.

4.According to the given information, which Guinness World Record was most recently set?

A.The record for “Most people inside a soap bubble”.

B.The record for “Most living generations”.

C.The record for “Most Tshirts worn at once”.

D.The record for “Heaviest pumpkin”.

【要点综述】本文是一篇应用文,主要向读者介绍6个不同寻常的吉尼斯世界纪录的情况。

. C细节理解题。从第一则纪录中提到的He is just another…super powers…Kenichi Ito ran 100 m on all fours…知,Kenichi Ito创造了最新的最快的100米“四肢爬”纪录,所以选C项。

. D细节理解题。从文章第三则纪录中Mr. Jeffries is the previous record holder of this title…可以知道,Mr. Jeffries是前纪录保持者,所以选D项。

. B细节理解题。从第五则纪录中…The Tshirts weighed 68 kg and Budiseli said he began struggling around Tshirt No. 120…可以知道Budiseli在穿了120件T恤后感觉有点困难再穿上T恤了,所以选B项。

4. A推理判断题。从文章的纪录中可以知道,A项是2011年4月4日创造的;B项是1989年1月21日创造的;C项是2010年5月22日创造的;D项是2010年10月9日创造的,由此知A项是最近时间创造的,所以选A项。

【2014·新课标全国卷Ⅰ 】阅读理解D

As more and more people speak the global languages of English, Chinese, Spanish, and Arabic, other languages are rapidly disappearing.In fact, half of the 6,0007,000 languages spoken around the world today will likely die out by the next century, according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

In an effort to prevent language loss, scholars from a number of organizationsUNESCO and National Geographic among themhave,have for many years been documenting dying languages and the cultures they reflect.

Mark Turin, a scientist at the Macmillan Center, Yale University, who specializes in the languages and oral traditions of the Himalayas, is following in that_tradition.His recently published book, A Grammar of Thangmi with an Ethnolinguistic Introduction to the Speakers and Their Culture, grows out of his experience living, looking and raising a family in a village in Nepal.

Documenting the Tangmi language and culture is just a starting point for Turin, who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the Himalayans reaches of India, Nepal, Bhutan, and China.But he is not content to simply record these voices before they disappear without record.

At the University of Cambridge Turin discovered a wealth of important materials?including photographs, films, tap recordings, and field notes which had remained unstudied and were badly in need of care and protection.

Now, through the two organizations that he has foundedthe Digital Himalaya Project and the World Oral Literature ProjectTurin has started a campaign to make such documents, found in libraries and stores around the world, available not just to scholars but to the younger generations ofmunities from whom the materials were originally collected,thanks to digital technology and the widely available Inte,Turin notes,the endangered languages can be saved and reconnected with speechmunities.

【试题分析】世界上许多语言正面临着灭绝的形势,针对这种现状,科学家和学者付出了很大的努力去拯救这些语言及其所反映的文化。

1.Many scholars are making efforts to________.

A.promote global languages

B.rescue the disappearing languages

C.search for languagemunities

D.set up languages research organizations

解析:细节理解题。文章第一段提到世界上有些语言正面临灭绝的形势,再根据第二段第一句中“In an effort to prevent language loss”可知,学者们努力的目的是为了拯救正在消失的语言。

答案:B

2. What does “that tradition” in Paragraph 3 refer to?

A.Having first records of the languages.

B.Writing books on language searching.

C.Telling stories about language users.

D.Linking with the native speakers.

解析:词义猜测题。根据第二段最后的“have for many years been documenting dying languages...”可以推知,该词组的意思是“有关语言的记录”。

答案:A

3.What is Turin's book based on?

A.The cultural statics in India.

B.The documents available at Yale.

C.His language research in Britain.

D.His personal experience in Nepal.

解析:细节理解题。根据第三段中的“...grows out of his experience living,working,and raising a family in a village in Nepal.”可知,他的书基于个人的生活经历。

答案:D

4.Which of the following best describes Turin's Work?

A.Write,sell and donate.

B.Record,repeat and reward.

C.Collect,protect and reconnect.

D.Design, experiment and report.

解析:推理判断题。根据第四段第一句、第五段最后一句和最后一段最后一句中相关信息可以推知C项为正确答案。

答案:C.

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